1903-Anarchist Exclusion Act- Keeps Anarchists, Epileptics, Beggars, and Prostitutes (or the people who import them). This was made after the Haymarket affair.
1910- The past decade had the most amount of immigration into the United States (8,795,386).
1905- Anti-Japanese movements gain power and influence in California.
1907-1908- President Roosevelt talks with Japan to stop immigration from Japan. The Japanese government does this by not issuing passports to their citizens.
1907-1911- The Dillingham Commission (US Immigration Commissioner) starts to archive the immigrants from Italy, Russia, central, and eastern Europe. This helps to keep track of the amount of immigrants as well as where they are coming from.
1912- Strike in textile mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts. Strikers were Italian, Irish, and Canadian Immigrants. They have Industrial Workers of the World (IWW) help with the strike.
1914-1918- World War I stops most immigration to the US. Many European countries were involved in the war, and would not be able to let people immigrate to the US.
1917- Immigration Act of 1917 is passed. It makes immigrants pass a literacy test, and also bans many people from coming into the country including the “Asiatic Barred Zone” which was most of Asia and the Pacific Islands.
1919- The Red Scare, where Americans are afraid of communism entering America. Thousands of immigrants are deported because of their beliefs. Anarchists or communists are mostly deported.
1922- Cable Act was passed allowing women to retain their citizenship when marrying foreign men. If women married “alien(s) eligible to naturalization” they could keep their citizenship, foreigners other than asians were eligible for naturalization.
1928- Governor Al Smith runs for president as the Democratic nominee. This is the first time that an immigrant's son was running for president in a major political party.
1942- Japanese internment begins. This is the capture and relocation of Japanese immigrants in the US because of WWII.
The anarchists symbol
Anti Japanese immigration poster
The Red Scare
Directions for Japanese Immigrants during the Japanese Internment.